This is a monograph. It contains projects, writings and interviews from three different years of investigation. The projects are completed as part of work at Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation.

These books generates its own conception of monograph.  It documents to a standard format a very large volume of work, rapidly, and then ruthlessly studies, edits and transforms this work.

This monograph is not a portfolio. A portfolio is comprehensive/a monograph is compromised; a portfolio is objective/a monograph is subjective; a portfolio is universal/a monograph is personal; a portfolio explains/a monograph mystifies; a portfolio hastens/a monograph hesitates; a portfolio is slick/a monograph is slippery; a portfolio is honest/a monograph is deceptive; a portfolio is graphic/a monograph is therapeutic; a portfolio is defensive/a monograph is adaptive.

This monograph reminds you of the words of Samuel Becket, who in 1983 wrote

All of old.
Nothing else ever.
Ever tried.
Ever failed.
No matter.
Try again.
Fail again.
Fail better.


This monograph is a collection, built over time as a series of individual books brought together as one. It has no index, no table of contents, no unified rationale yet is curated, organized and read as a continuous yet open document. This monograph is an intermediary. It is embedded in act of questioning architecture, made up of architectural elements, representation, words, interviews, essay, drawing and photograph.

Digital Copies of Monograph

Volume 1

Volume 2